Most of the time the police will agree to grant bail at the police station. You will be required to provide an undertaking (or promise) to appear at court on a specified date and additional conditions may be imposed requiring you to report on a regular basis to a police station or to reside at a particular address.
If the police refuse to give you bail, you have the right to apply for bail before the court or a bail justice.
Bail may be opposed by the police on the grounds that:-
(a) you will fail to appear in court;
(b) you pose a risk to the public;
(c) you will threaten or interfere with witnesses;
(d) you will commit further offences.
For most charges there is a presumption in favour of granting bail. In the case of murder, serious drug trafficking and serious offences involving firearms, there is a presumption against bail.
If the police refuse you bail outside court hours, you may apply for bail to a bail justice. If you are refused bail by a bail justice, the police must then bring you before the Magistrates’ Court as soon as possible. You will then have the right to apply for bail in Court before a Magistrate.
If applying for bail before a court, your application must be carefully and properly prepared. If you are refused bail by a Magistrate while represented by a lawyer, you can only bring another application for bail in the Magistrates’ Court if you can establish new facts or circumstances.
You should always seek legal advice and representation before applying for bail before a court. A properly prepared bail application requires care and time. In serious cases, a rushed application may increase the risk of bail being refused.
You need to carefully consider the advice of your lawyer as when to apply for bail. In some cases, you will be encouraged to wait until the brief of evidence is served. Preparing a bail application where the police have all of the information, and your lawyer doesn’t, is a calculated risk. The consequences of bail being refused where you have a lawyer are that if it more difficult to make a further application for bail. As outlined above, you will need to establish new facts and circumstances and in some cases this is very difficult.